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Collagen
Collagen
Collagen is one of the long, fibrous structural proteins whose functions are quite different from those of globular proteins, such as enzymes. Tough bundles of collagen called collagen fibers are a major component of the extracellular matrix that supports most tissues and gives cells structure from the outside, but collagen is also found inside certain cells. Collagen has great tensile strength, and is the main component of fascia, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, bone and skin.
Along with elastin and soft keratin, it is responsible for skin strength and elasticity, and its degradation leads to wrinkles that accompany aging. It strengthens blood vessels and plays a role in tissue development. It is present in the cornea and lens of the eye in crystalline form. It may be one of the most abundant proteins in the fossil record, given that it appears to fossilize frequently, even in bones from the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.ulang dari Mesozoikum dan Paleozoikum.
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Kolagen memiliki berbagai macam aplikasi, dari makanan untuk kesehatan. Misalnya, digunakan dalam bedah kosmetik dan membakar operasi. Hal ini banyak digunakan dalam bentuk casing kolagen untuk sosis, yang juga digunakan dalam pembuatan string musik.
Jika kolagen tunduk denaturasi yang cukup, misalnya dengan pemanasan, tiga helai tropocollagen memisahkan sebagian atau seluruhnya ke dalam domain globular, yang berisi struktur sekunder yang berbeda dengan Polyproline kolagen yang normal II (PPII), misalnya kumparan acak. Proses ini menjelaskan pembentukan gelatin, yang digunakan dalam banyak makanan, termasuk makanan penutup gelatin rasa. Selain makanan, agar-agar telah digunakan dalam farmasi, kosmetik, dan industri fotografi. Dari sudut pandang gizi, kolagen dan gelatin adalah satu-satunya sumber berkualitas rendah protein karena mereka tidak mengandung semua asam amino esensial dalam proporsi bahwa tubuh manusia membutuhkan-mereka tidak 'protein yang lengkap' (seperti yang didefinisikan oleh ilmu makanan, bukan bahwa mereka adalah sebagian terstruktur). Produsen berbasis kolagen suplemen diet biasanya mengandung kolagen hidrolisat mengklaim bahwa produk mereka dapat memperbaiki kulit dan kualitas kuku serta kesehatan sendi. Namun, penelitian ilmiah utama belum menunjukkan bukti kuat untuk mendukung klaim tersebut. Individu dengan masalah di daerah ini lebih mungkin untuk menderita dari beberapa kondisi yang mendasarinya lainnya (seperti penuaan normal, kulit kering, arthritis dll) daripada hanya kekurangan protein.
Dari Yunani untuk lem, Kolla, kata kolagen berarti "produser lem" dan mengacu pada proses awal mendidih kulit dan otot-otot kuda dan hewan lainnya untuk mendapatkan lem. Kolagen perekat digunakan oleh orang Mesir sekitar 4.000 tahun yang lalu, dan penduduk asli Amerika digunakan dalam busur sekitar 1.500 tahun yang lalu. Lem tertua di dunia, karbon-tanggal sebagai berusia lebih dari 8.000 tahun, ditemukan kolagen digunakan sebagai lapisan pelindung pada keranjang tali dan kain bordir, dan untuk mengadakan peralatan bersama-sama; juga di merambah dekorasi pada tengkorak manusia.Collagen biasanya mengkonversi ke gelatin, tapi selamat karena kondisi kering. lem hewan termoplastik, melembutkan lagi setelah pemanasan, dan sehingga mereka masih digunakan dalam pembuatan alat musik seperti biola baik dan gitar, yang mungkin harus dibuka kembali untuk perbaikan-aplikasi yang tidak kompatibel dengan tangguh, perekat plastik sintetis, yang permanen. otot hewan dan kulit, termasuk kulit, telah digunakan untuk membuat artikel yang berguna selama ribuan tahun.
Gelatin-resorsinol-formaldehida lem (dan dengan formaldehida digantikan oleh pentanedial kurang beracun dan ethanedial) telah digunakan untuk memperbaiki sayatan eksperimental di paru-paru kelinci.
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White Oil USP
White Oil USP
Formal chemical name is mineral oil, USP, IS0 100 viscosity alone. Common names, synonyms are mineral oils, white mineral oils, paraffin oil, liquid petrolatum. The empirical formula is composed of a mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons. The formula structure is composed of a mixture of aliphatic, naphthenic and aromatic liquid hydrocarbons from petroleum.
Mineral oil is a mixture of compounds. Personality characteristics colorless, oily liquid. Density, 0.83 to 0.86, the surface tension at 25 degrees is slightly below 35 dyne / cm. Insoluble in water, alcohol. Soluble in solvents such as benzene, ether, oils. Viscosity is ISO 100.
Mineral oil is made by refining more rugged lubricant to eliminate unsaturated compounds or volatile. It is derived from naphthenic or paraffin distillates by sulfuric acid or by the use of hydrogenation. Hydrogenation removes aromatic amines and unsatured compounds and remove all the nitrogen and sulfur-containing components. Mineral oils consist mainly of saturated aliphatic and cyclic hydrocarbons.

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Sorbitol
Sorbitol
Sorbitol, also known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. Most sorbitol is made from corn syrup, but it is also found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is converted to fructose by sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase. Sorbitol is an isomer of mannitol, another sugar alcohol; the two differ only in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on carbon 2.While similar, the two sugar alcohols have very different sources in nature, melting points, and uses.
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Glucono Delta Lactone GDL
Glucono Delta Lactone (GDL)
Glucono Delta Lactone physical properties of white powder form . Commonly abbreviated as GDL , has chemical properties to lower the pH without causing a sour taste . GDL is one of the soy milk coagulant in producing out so as not to sour . In addition , as a preservative for mayonnaise , food , and drinks which can lower the pH without causing a sour taste.
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DMDM Hydantoin
DMDM Hydantoin
DMDM hydantoin is an antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative with the trade name Glydant. DMDM hydantoin is an organic compound belonging to a class of compounds known as hydantoins. It is used in the cosmetics industry and found in products like shampoos, hair conditioners, hair gels, Rite Aid Liquid Lubricant, and skin care products. DMDM hydantoin works as a preservative because the released formaldehyde makes the environment less favorable to the microorganisms.
DMDM hydantoin is an antimicrobial agent and preservative. It increases the shelf-life of cosmetics (e.g. shampoos, skincare products, hair gels, etc) by "releasing" formaldehyde and thus killing bacteria. This keeps cosmetics sanitary, and prevents illness due to infections.
It is not known to cause developmental and reproductive toxicity, and has a low risk of being a carcinogen. The chemical may be a problem in people who are allergic to formaldehyde, and can increase the risk of developing a formaldehyde allergy. The most common type of allergy is a skin allergy.
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Potassium Sorbate
Potassium Sorbate
Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt ( potassium ) of acid sorbate . Potassium sorbate is potassium sorbate has another name.
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Coconut Oil
Coconut Oil
Coconut oil can be used directly into diesel fuel properly. Coconut oil has a viscosity of 50-60 centi stokes, while diesel 5 centi stokes. At a temperature of between 80-90 degrees Celsius, coconut oil has a viscosity similar to diesel. One innovation that dikembang Department of Agricultural Engineering IPB is by utilizing the exhaust temperature to change the viscosity of the oil to be the same with diesel. The flue gas exhaust has a temperature of 350-360 degrees Celsius so that the required cooling coil to reduce the temperature of the exhaust. Then the oil via a tube is passed through the exhaust before heading into a diesel engine combustion chamber.
This way is certainly cheaper than utilizing kokodiesel, namely palm oil industry that has gone through a process to be converted into biodiesel. Kokodiesel price of about Rp. 10,000 per liter, while coconut oil is not through the treatment process can be much cheaper. In addition, the coconut is a common plant that grows in coastal areas, making it a potential source of fuel for local fishermen who tend to have difficulty fuel, both issues of price and availability. Coconut oil is used is coconut oil which has been through a heating process to remove free fatty acids.
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Shea Butter
Shea Butter
Shea butter is one of Nature's wonders, but it is a special one. It has been used for millennia by many generations of African people for skin care, baby care, healing and food. The Shea tree is considered sacred because of the bounty of goodness it can do for your skin, hair, beauty and health. Discover the secret of Egyptian Queen Nefertiti's legendary beauty and find out what makes Shea butter so powerful to renew, repair and protect the skin against aging and harsh climate.
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Phospate Mix
Phospate Mix
Phosphate mixed for seafood and meat products such as suasage , pork balls and soak seafood increasing yields . Phosphate can be used for sausages and sausage mixture to ferment .





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Calcium Lactate
Calcium Lactate
Calcium lactate is produced by mixing lactic acid with calcium carbonate or calcium hydroxide. While it’s used as a calcium supplement and to fortify foods, calcium lactate fills a variety of roles in the food industry as an approved firming agent, thickener, flavor enhancer and leavening agent. Calcium lactate contains less elemental calcium than two other forms of calcium commonly used in supplements calcium carbonate and calcium citrate. So you may need to take more tablets to get the same dose.
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Myristic Acid
Myristic Acid
Myristic acid, also called tetradecanoic acid, is a common saturated fatty acid with the molecular formula CH3(CH2)12COOH. A myristate is a salt or ester of myristic acid. Myristic acid is named after the nutmeg Myristica fragrans.
Nutmeg butter has 75% trimyristin, the triglyceride of myristic acid. Besides nutmeg, myristic acid is also found in palm kernel oil, coconut oil, butter fat and is a minor component of many other animal fats. It is also found in spermaceti, the crystallized fraction of oil from the sperm whale. It is also found in the rhizomes of the Iris, including Orris root.
Myristic acid is commonly added co-translationally to the penultimate, nitrogen-terminus, glycine in receptor-associated kinases to confer the membrane localisation of the enzyme.The myristic acid has a sufficiently high hydrophobicity to become incorporated into the fatty acyl core of the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane of the eukaryotic cell. In this way, myristic acid acts as a lipid anchor in biomembranes. The ester isopropyl myristate is used in cosmetic and topical medicinal preparations where good absorption through the skin is desired. Reduction of myristic acid yields myristyl aldehyde and myristyl alcohol.
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Menthol
Menthol
Menthol Crystals is a natural spice manufactured through chemical synthesis or extraction from Peppermint Oil, available as white waxy crystalline. Menthol Crystals is widely used as aromas & perfumes.
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